本帖由 9981 于 2018-05-04 发布。版面名称：渥太华华人论坛
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那是肯定的。robert lighthizer 肯定给 Chrystia Freeland解释过无数遍了，但是加拿大肯定有自己的理由不答应， 不是为了中国就是了。
Trump orders US Trade Rep to find $200b of Chinese goods to hit with new tariffs
United States President Donald Trump has made good on his pledge to escalate the US-China trade war through a cycle of tit-for-tat exchanges, as America is set to hit back at Chinese retaliations after the US levied tariffs on $34 billion worth of Chinese goods over the weekend.
Due to Beijing matching the total amount of goods hit with tariffs, Trump said on Monday US time that China was "threatening United States companies, workers, and farmers who have done nothing wrong".
"This latest action by China clearly indicates its determination to keep the United States at a permanent and unfair disadvantage," Trump said. "This is unacceptable.
"Therefore, today, I directed the United States Trade Representative to identify $200 billion worth of Chinese goods for additional tariffs at a rate of 10 percent."
Trump added that if Beijing hit back at this latest manoeuvre, the US would find another $200 billion worth of goods to impose tariffs on.
In April, the Trump administration outlined around 1,300 products worth $50 billion that would be hit with proposed tariffs. On Friday, that list had been reduced to 1,102 items of the same value, with 818 items worth $34 billion set to be hit with tariffs from July, and the $16 billion remainder to undergo further review and a public hearing on July 24 before a final determination is made.
For its part, China said it "doesn't want a trade war" but has to "fight back strongly", a Commerce Ministry statement said on Saturday.
The president said on Monday that he has an "excellent relationship" with his Chinese counterpart, and that the two countries would continue to work together.
White House trade adviser Peter Navarro last week said a deal to keep ZTE in business was a personal favour to the Chinese president, and said that if the company fell afoul of the US one more time, it would be shut down.
Reuters reported on Monday evening that the US Senate passed a defence spending bill that contained clauses to kill Trump's ZTE deal.
White House Says China Has More to Lose in Trade War
WASHINGTON — President Trump’s threat to impose tariffs on almost every Chinese product that crosses into the United States sent stock markets tumbling on Tuesday and drew condemnation from retailers, tech companies and manufacturers as the possibility of a damaging trade war with the world’s second-largest economy appeared increasingly likely.
The Trump administration remained unmoved by those concerns, with a top trade adviser, Peter Navarro, insisting that China has more to lose from a trade fight than the United States. He also declared that Mr. Trump would not allow Beijing to simply buy its way out of an economic dispute by promising to import more American goods.
“President Trump has given China every chance to change its aggressive behavior,” Mr. Navarro said in a call with reporters on Tuesday. “China does have much more to lose than we do.”
In threatening tariffs on as much as $450 billion worth of Chinese goods, the administration is betting that Beijing will blink first. It’s a risky gamble by a White House that appears ready to forgo diplomatic negotiations in favor of punishing tariffs that could pinch consumers and companies on both sides of the Pacific.
spooked companies, investors and markets, which are increasingly worried that the United States has no other strategy to resolve a stalemate with China over its trade practices. Several rounds of trade talks with top Chinese officials in Washington and Beijing produced little agreement, and no additional official negotiations are scheduled, administration officials said.
On Tuesday, Mr. Trump suggested he was ready for a fight, saying China would no longer take advantage of the United States.
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“You see what’s happening with China,” he said during a speech in Washington before the National Federation of Independent Business. “We have no choice. This should have been done many years ago.”
The president added: “China has been taking out $500 billion a year out of our country and rebuilding China. I always say, ‘We have rebuilt China.’ They’ve taken so much. It’s time folks, it’s time. So we’re going to get smart, and we’re going to do it right. And we’re actually getting a lot of support, but we have to do something about it.”
Markets sank on Tuesday in response to Mr. Trump’s announcement late Monday that his administration was preparing to go beyond his initial plan to impose tariffs on $50 billion of Chinese goods and tax $400 billion in Chinese products if China continued to retaliate against the United States.
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The tit-for-tat had escalated rapidly, with the president announcing on Friday that the administration would move ahead with imposing tariffs on $50 billion of Chinese goods on July 6. Beijing immediately responded that it would impose its own tariffs on $50 billion of American products.
Mr. Trump’s threats are now nearly as large as the total value of goods that China sent to the United States last year, which was $505.6 billion.
The benchmark Dow Jones index, the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index and the tech-heavy Nasdaq composite all fell on Tuesday, following stock markets in Frankfurt, London, Paris, Hong Kong, Tokyo and mainland China. Investors moved money into assets that are considered safe havens, like 10-year United States Treasury bonds and the Japanese yen.
Shares of Boeing and Caterpillar, which are among America’s leading exporters to China, fell sharply on Tuesday, along with soybean futures. China is the world’s largest importer of soybeans, a key livestock feed, and prices dropped more than 7 percent at times during the morning before stabilizing in afternoon trading.
Soybean prices are at their lowest level in more than two years, creating a politically delicate issue for Mr. Trump, who has strong support from rural voters in farm states but whose trade policies have angered farmers and lawmakers who represent them.
Senator Joni Ernst, an Iowa Republican, said in a statement, “These aggressive trade actions will continue to have damaging consequences, including an impact on our commodity prices and farm futures, and increasing anxiety among the agricultural and business communities in Iowa.”
But Mr. Navarro, who is among Mr. Trump’s most strident anti-China advisers, dismissed those concerns, saying the United States had no choice but to hit China with tariffs in order to protect American workers. He said that the White House had given China numerous opportunities to negotiate and alter policies that have cost Americans millions of jobs, and that the Trump administration was now prepared to impose tariffs on $450 billion of Chinese goods in order to force Beijing to bend.
huge fight between the White House and Congress. On Monday, the Senate passed legislation that would reinstate penalties on ZTE and rescind a deal, reached by the Commerce Department, that allowed the company to stay in business in exchange for paying a large fine and agreeing to a series of management and compliance changes. The White House has said it will work to remove that provision before the bill becomes final, and Mr. Trump is expected to meet with lawmakers on Wednesday to discuss the fate of ZTE.
The decision to proceed with tariffs is a victory for hard-liners in the administration, like Mr. Navarro and the trade negotiator Robert E. Lighthizer. They had argued that the United States should not back down from trying to force China to make more fundamental changes to its economy, even if such measures would cause short-term pain for American businesses and consumers.
On Tuesday, Mr. Navarro minimized the divisions between administration officials, saying the United States’ negotiating process had not wavered and was “linear.” He said the idea of dropping the trade case in exchange for purchases — something the Chinese had offered the Americans in negotiations — had always been a “nonstarter.”
In his remarks Tuesday morning, Mr. Navarro took aim at China’s internal plan to develop cutting-edge industries like robotics, new-energy vehicles, advanced rail and shipping, and aerospace. He said the country could not be allowed to dominate technologies that would be an important source of jobs and growth for the United States in decades to come.
China has engaged in unfair practices, including cybertheft and “information harvesting,” to obtain technological secrets from the United States that would allow China to pull ahead in these industries, Mr. Navarro said.
“It is important to note here that the actions President Trump has taken are purely defensive in nature,” he said.
There is broad agreement that China has engaged in unfair trade practices that have hurt American companies. But Mr. Trump’s resort to tariffs as his primary negotiating tool has prompted swift condemnation from retail, technology and manufacturing companies, who said the approach could hurt American consumers and companies more than the White House realized.
Jose Castaneda, spokesman for the Information Technology Industry Council, called the escalation of trade tensions with China “irresponsible and counterproductive.”
“We appreciate President Trump’s efforts to protect the United States’ ‘crown jewels,’ but tariffs are simply the wrong way to do it,” he said. “The White House needs to work with our allies to create lasting change with China. Too many jobs and livelihoods are at stake to get this wrong.”
Matt Priest, the president of the Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America, said it was difficult to see how tariffs on an additional $200 billion of Chinese goods wouldn’t “negatively impact all Americans of every walk of life.”
“The president claimed that trade wars are easy to win, but what our industry has always known is coming true: Trade wars are costly, unnecessary and do harm to the American economy,” he said.