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    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-...ad-talks-with-china-white-house-idUSKBN1O21DA

    U.S. Trade Representative Lighthizer to lead talks with China: White House

    David Lawder
    3 MIN READ

    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer will lead negotiations with China over tariffs, market access and structural changes to intellectual property practices over the next 90 days, the White House has confirmed, potentially signaling a harder U.S. line.


    U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer testifies before a Senate Finance Committee hearing on "President Trump's 2018 Trade Policy Agenda" on Capitol Hill in Washington, U.S., March 22, 2018. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque
    On Saturday, U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping declared a trade truce, agreeing to hold off on new tariffs following months of escalating tension. The two sides also agreed to negotiate over the next 90 days.


    Lighthizer leading the talks marks a shift from the administration’s previous approach to China trade talks that had been largely led by U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. Lighthizer, an experienced trade negotiator and having just completed a new agreement with Canada and Mexico, is one of the administration’s most vocal China critics.

    “Robert Lighthizer, the ambassador, USTR, is in charge of these negotiations,” White House trade adviser Peter Navarro told National Public Radio. “He’s the toughest negotiator we’ve ever had at the USTR and he’s going to go chapter and verse and get tariffs down, non-tariff barriers down and end all these structural practices that prevent market access.”

    A White House official also confirmed the decision to have Lighthizer lead the negotiations.
    Mnuchin had said the negotiations with China would be led by Trump, with an “inclusive team” of administration officials, including himself and other cabinet officials.

    Mnuchin led some past rounds of talks due to his relationship as the counterpart to Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, the top economic adviser to Chinese President Xi Jinping. U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross also led a failed round of talks in Beijing in June, while mid-level Treasury officials hosted a round of discussions in August.
    Trump: China will cut tariffs on U.S. cars
    The White House said on Saturday that the talks would cover structural changes in China on forced technology transfer, intellectual property protection, non-tariff barriers, cyber intrusions and cyber theft, services and agriculture.

    Most of these issues were identified in USTR’s “Section 301” investigation of China’s intellectual property practices, which formed the basis of the U.S. tariffs imposed on Chinese goods.

    Lighthizer said last week that China had failed to alter the “unfair, unreasonable” practices at the heart of the trade dispute.

    Reporting by David Lawder, Editing by Franklin Paul and Su
     
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    https://news.toutiaoabc.com/newspark/view.php?app=news&act=view&nid=330610

    纳瓦罗透露:川习会前30分钟只有习近平在讲话(图)

    习特会令中美贸易战进入暂时休战状态

      据12月3日报道,纳瓦罗(Peter Navarro)12月3日接受了美国全国公共广播电台(NPR)的电话采访,回顾了在布宜诺斯艾利斯举行的晚宴上,特朗普(Donald Trump)总统与中国领导人习近平及其他中方代表谈话的一些细节。

      纳瓦罗表示,双方就整个结构性问题进行了讨论,包括中国强制技术转让、知识产权保护、非关税壁垒、网络入侵及网络盗窃、服务和农业等诸多方面。

      对于NPR主持人询问,晚宴上中方是否重视解决美中贸易争端问题,纳瓦罗回答,一开始主要是习近平在谈,他是前30分钟里中方唯一在谈话的人。

      纳瓦罗说,习近平就加大购买美国商品、保护知识产权、强制技术转让等许多问题做出了承诺。

      纳瓦罗表示双方讨论了汽车关税问题,并指出当前两国的汽车贸易是不公平的,中国向美国征收40%的汽车进口税,而美国对进口汽车只征收2.5%的关税。

      最重要的是,纳瓦罗指出,美方在习特上没有做出任何让步,只是给了中国90天时间,让他们去做过去20年来早就该做的事情而已。

      对于此次谈判,英国《金融时报》也称,这次共识或许只能让贸易冲突暂时缓解,如果下一轮谈判无法产生更具体的结果,特朗普政府内的强硬派很可能变得不耐烦。

      《华盛顿邮报》也称,这次会晤在中美经贸上并没有带来突破,贸易问题上只是回到几周前的讨论,而90日限期也是一个甚具野心的计划,中国需要付出更多,才能够与美国达成协议。
     
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  4. 9981

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    https://www.politico.com/story/2017/09/18/kelly-crackdown-trade-navarro-242784

    White House trade adviser Peter Navarro has been increasingly sidelined during meetings and cut off from his once-regular access to the Oval Office as chief of staff John Kelly has moved to impose greater order on the West Wing.

    But Navarro, a hard-liner on trade who has clashed with his more moderate colleagues, still has an ace up his sleeve when it comes to shaping policy — his close connection with President Donald Trump himself.

    Navarro’s reputation as a trade warrior has so ingratiated him with Trump that when other administration officials initially cut Navarro out of trade negotiations with Chinese President Xi Jinping at Mar-a-Lago in April, the president insisted that he be by his side, asking “Where’s my Peter? Where’s my Peter?” according to a former White House official.

    Now, Navarro’s pull with the president — and Kelly’s ability to contain the trade adviser’s freewheeling style — will be put to the test as Trump makes crucial decisions on everything from the North American Free Trade Agreement and a free trade deal with South Korea to whether to impose stiff tariffs on imports of steel, aluminum and solar panels.

    Navarro “reinforces Trump’s worldview on trade, which many do not,” said Trump friend Roger Stone. “The president may be the only one in the building besides Navarro who really wants to renegotiate NAFTA. Everyone else thinks that’s a throwaway line from a campaign speech.”

    [​IMG]
    WHITE HOUSE

    ‘Burned’ Trump finds comfort with Democrats

    By TODD S. PURDUM

    “Navarro has always viewed himself as the lone man on the island, the one true keeper of the flame. That’s been the dynamic with him since Day One,” one administration official said, disputing that Navarro is isolated in the White House. “But when you look at the substance of the possible trade policy actions, Ross and Lighthizer are reasonably closely aligned with Navarro on many issues. Usually, Peter just puts it more forcefully and emphatically.”

    From the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Navarro leads the White House Trade Council, but he’s largely a one-man band, with only two staffers. Prior to Kelly’s entry, Navarro enjoyed a private 15-minute conversation with Trump at least once a week, where he would “rile him up” on trade, according to a senior administration official.

    As a deputy assistant to the president, he’s lost access to some key policy meetings in the White House that under Kelly are now reserved for principals or key senior staffers.

    “There’s certainly no effort to keep Peter out of meetings,” said White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders. “The distinction isn’t that he doesn’t have access. He’s presenting his case, both parties are walking through the policy together, and meetings are taking place and some of those conversations are being thought through more thoroughly before they go to the president, so it’s not a debate in front of the president, but more a laying out of the vision.”

    “The president has never been shy that it’s an America-first policy when it comes to trade,” Sanders added. Navarro did not respond to a request for comment.

    Navarro still attends weekly trade meetings organized by staff secretary Rob Porter, which gives him an opportunity to influence key policy outcomes. The meetings, which have been taking place in private for months, often feature the administration’s heaviest hitters on trade, including National Economic Council Director Gary Cohn, Ross and Lighthizer.

    The former White House aide described those meetings as “brutal,” full of verbal arrows being thrown between Cohn and other members of the National Economic Council on one side and Navarro, Bannon, Lighthizer, policy adviser Stephen Miller and — sometimes — Trump on the other.

    Cohn and Navarro have often clashed behind the scenes. Benjamin Levine, an Obama-appointed economic adviser who stayed in the White House until May, said that Cohn is often the first person to shut down Navarro’s ideas for withdrawing the U.S. from international trade deals.

    “He’s the stopgap to the crazy ideas,” Levine said. “It’s the dance that Gary has learned.”

    Cohn has advocated for a more traditional U.S. trade model, one that preserves existing trade deals. He scored two trade policy victories by helping to persuade Trump in April to renegotiate NAFTA instead of pulling out and not to name China a currency manipulator.

    [​IMG]
    CONGRESS

    GOP feels betrayed by Trump’s dealmaking with Dems

    By BURGESS EVERETT, RACHAEL BADE and JOSH DAWSEY

    Navarro was brought on to Trump’s team by Jared Kushner, Trump’s son-in-law. Navarro became an ideological bedfellow to Trump and Bannon, advising the campaign on Canadian lumber tariffs and the finer points of NAFTA.

    But with little political experience, he failed to build allies in the White House outside of Bannon, Miller and, occasionally, Lighthizer and Ross.

    He pushed Trump to withdraw from NAFTA, reportedly prompting Kushner to open a back channel to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau — who persuaded Trump to renegotiate the deal rather than scrap it altogether. Navarro suffered his latest policy loss last week when Kelly and national security adviser H.R. McMaster prevailed on Trump to leave the South Korea trade deal intact.

    Some White House aides saw two recent leaks — one over Trump’s plans to pull out of the South Korea trade deal and another over Trump’s private rant in favor of tariffs — as the work of administration advisers who want a tougher approach to trade.

    A different administration official decried both stories as “strategic leaks” aimed at forcing Trump’s hand, arguing it undermines the careful policymaking process Kelly is trying to put in place.

    Navarro has told people that he’s “miserable” under Kelly and is worried about how long he’ll last.

    But while he may have less influence, there hasn’t been any real effort to remove him from his post — yet.

    “He can last forever if he just sits there in his office and continues to write papers,” said a person close to the White House.
     
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    https://www.cnbc.com/2018/12/12/how...-and-the-doj-relate-to-china-trade-deals.html

    Here’s what’s going on with the Marriott hack, Huawei and the DOJ — and it’s all related to China and trade

    Three seemingly unrelated news stories about data theft, cybersecurity and sanctions, are converging as one big-picture issue related to President Donald Trump’s ongoing trade negotiations with China.

    What happens next with any of them could have significant implications for that deal, the markets or both.

    Marriott hack

    Sources close to the investigation into a breach of the information of 500 million Marriott customers tell CNBC the initial phases of the probe are pointing to involvement by the Chinese government. However, it’s unclear the nature of China’s involvement.

    In the past, these revelations may not have dinged the radar of a public used to major hacks. But the injection of a possible China connection, in addition to the massive scope of the breach and the fact the intrusion lasted four years, means Marriott’s troubles may have just become part of the wider market and trade dramas.

    Huawei CFO arrest
    Meng Wanzhou, CFO of Chinese hardware giant Huawei and daughter of its founder, was granted bail Tuesday night. Meng is facing charges in Canada related to alleged improper funneling of payments between Iran and the company via a third-party intermediary in Hong Kong. The U.S. wants to extradite Meng.

    China has threatened retaliation. Michael Kovrig, a former Canadian diplomat, was arrested in China on Tuesday, with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his diplomatic agency and saying they are working with Chinese officials on the matter.

    Trump said in an interview with Reuters on Tuesday that he would consider intervening in the Justice Department’s case against Meng if it would help support favorable negotiations.


    “If I think it’s good for the country, if I think it’s good for what will be certainly the largest trade deal ever made — which is a very important thing — what’s good for national security, I would certainly intervene if I thought it was necessary,” he said.

    Justice Department
    In addition to being on the hook for successfully arguing the case against Meng, the Justice Department is close to dropping new indictments on Chinese government-connected hackers, possibly this week, according to The Wall Street Journal.

    Those indictments likely will focus on allegations that China tried to use large, U.S.-based enterprises that provide internet service, business, security, DNS and other services for large companies, as a conduit for hacking into their corporate clients.

    The Trump administration has been considering using these indictments to make a broader call-out of China, adding to the pile of security and fraud related accusations, The New York Times reported this week.

    For the internet service providers that may be named or identified in the pending indictments, this could mean they see their names dragged into the proceedings, too.
     
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    https://www.forbes.com/sites/kenrap...wont-end-trumps-china-trade-war/#dc848e71ee55

    The Democrats Won't End Trump's China Trade War

    [​IMG]

    The Democrats take over the House of Representatives this week. The bulk of their power will be used to block Trump any which way. The one roadblock they won’t set up, however, is ending Trump’s trade war with China.

    “We expect the China trade war to become more entrenched in 2019,” says Cailin Birch, global economist at the Economist Intelligence Unit.

    For starters, new House leader Nancy Pelosi is a China skeptic. It is unclear if any of her Bay Area constituents can flip her on this. But Pelosi was a critic of China’s joining the World Trade Organization, a move pushed by President Bill Clinton. She thinks China is a headwind for American workers.

    Even before the ballots were counted in the midterm races on November 6, Reuters reported that the one thing Trump and a Pelosi-led House can agree on is beating up on China.





    Financial Times chief economics commentator Martin Wolf also thinks the trade war is forcing China to change the way it does business. Many Chinese business leaders also want this, with the major problem being that it goes against the relatively closed door, top-down politics of the Communist Party.

    China’s period of stellar outperformance is coming to an end. Suffice it to say, China’s president Xi Jinping knows this. They have to know that their rise was due to the fact that U.S. multinationals helped China get rich quick thanks to three things: weak labor laws, abundant cheap labor, and nonexistent environmental regulations. China became an exporting power (and one of the most polluted countries) thanks in part to American companies that made everything from sneakers to toys there.

    By the end of this past November, a total of 950,000 foreign-owned companies became registered in China. They brought in over $2 trillion in foreign direct investment and remain a major driving force in China’s economic and social development.

    [​IMG]
    President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump greet members of the military at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, on December 27, 2018. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)ASSOCIATED PRESS

    See: Dear Chinese Government, The Democrats Won’t Save You — Forbes

    What’s changing? The days of substandard regulations are changing. It is more costly to run a business there today than the early 2000s.

    More than that, China is no longer a dollar-a-day economy subservient to foreign companies. They have moved up the value chain. Its tier one cities look like those in any advanced economy. China is becoming more automated, more high tech and trying to become less dependent on U.S. computer hardware to build its own cheaper, larger, louder Silicon Valley. They have the capital, the political will and the brainpower to do it.

    For Trump’s China watchdogs, namely Peter Navarro and Robert Lighthizer, the way China achieves this is by requiring foreign companies to share their technology. Or, in the worst case, just stealing intellectual property outright and mass producing it themselves.

    China has few fans in Washington because of this.

    [​IMG]
    White House trade adviser Peter Navarro is Trump’s China whisperer. He would like to see China play less of a role in the U.S. global supply chain. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)ASSOCIATED PRESS

    During the holidays, Trump tweeted out that following a phone call with Xi, the two leaders were beginning to see eye-to-eye on intellectual property and market access. The market’s not buying it.

    “A slower-growth scenario is taking place now, and that is bad for China,” says Louis Lau, a managing director for Brandes, a San Diego-based investment firm. Their funds hold about 17% Chinese equity. The MSCI Emerging Markets benchmark has around 30% weighted to China and Hong Kong stocks.

    Trump may be desperate for a win on trade. He scored one with NAFTA. China is more gnarly.

    Given the fact that the Democrats don’t want Trump to score any wins, it is conceivable that they can play the role of a barking dog; the bad cop to Trump’s new good cop role: “Deal with me, or deal with Pelosi," Trump can tell Xi. They can try to shift opinion in favor of their party’s ability to deal with China over Trump’s.

    Meanwhile, Navarro and Lighthizer are of the mind that they should do whatever they can to remove China from the U.S. supply chain. This is the long game and a complicated one to explain to the electorate. Many U.S. businesses, of course, won’t like this strategy as it requires them to relocate—a costly endeavor.

    [​IMG]
    President Xi Jinping. Many businesses in China are quietly critical of the way he has managed the “trade dispute” as it is known in China. (AP Photo/Armando Franca)ASSOCIATED PRESS

    See: Trade War Update: How China Avoids Tariffs — Forbes

    “I think the president is going to want to save face this year,” says John Scannapieco, chair of the global business unit at law firm Baker Donelson in Nashville. “If you look at the tariffs now, they are all on finished products and will be hitting the consumers in the spring. The stock market is down again.”

    U.S. stocks started 2019 in the red and only got a boost late morning thanks to weaker oil prices.

    Chinese and American trade negotiators are scheduled to meet on January 7. Both sides have given themselves a very short timeline for talks. The U.S. is just getting over the holidays. China starts its new year next month. Then it’s March and the 90-day ceasefire is over.

    “I think you will get an extension on the trade truce,” says Scannapieco. “No way they can hammer out changes in 90 days, especially on the core issues like IP.”

    Gaming the China trade scenario for 2019, the Democrats want to look like the protector of the American worker. As Trump tries to protect the stock market, Pelosi and Senate minority leader (and China hawk) Chuck Schumer will make the case that Trump is more interested in the S&P 500 than sticking to his promises of fixing China-U.S. trade imbalances.

    If Trump does use the House as a threat of permanent tariffs, he may find himself speaking differently on China matters than his key negotiators. That means Trump suddenly looks to be in disagreement with Navarro and Lighthizer. Is that possible? Either scenario suggests the trade war continues this year, not as a matter of business, but perhaps moreso as a matter of D.C. politics.
     
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    股市不振 努钦滚蛋

    https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2018/12/30/1822282/-Treasury-Secretary-Steven-Mnuchin-has-vanished

    Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin has vanished


    [​IMG]


    Is this the last known photograph of Steven Mnuchin (on the right)? It was taken December 15 at the Congressional Ball. Jared has a lean and hungry look, and Mnuchin seems to be mentally counting the hours until his disappearance.

    I don’t mean Mnuchin has literally vanished. If you could find him, you could no doubt still see him. What I mean is that Mnuchin has been missing from public view since his disastrous attempt a week ago to calm US financial markets as they were heading south, and there’s no telling if or when he’ll reappear. Here’s a timeline:

    Often the important news in Washington is what isn’t happening, and you can see that by comparing Mnuchin last year to Mnuchin this year. Last year after Christmas, Mnuchin announced new North Korean sanctions, and retweeted Pence on how great the US economy was doing. But now lower-ranking administration officials like Kevin Hassett are taking up the slack to do things like reassuring the public that the Trump shutdown should not damage the economy permanently. Although Mnuchin’s defenders (such as they are) might argue “Hey, he’s on vacation in Cabo San Lucas!” that vacation didn’t stop him from making his bizarre press release, or from tweeting before his disastrous performance last weekend, so there is almost surely a deeper story here.

    (More after the break.)



    Every so often we hear about how Trump is unhappy with Mnuchin, such as reports in November about Trump’s disapproval of Mnuchin’s choice for Federal Reserve chair. It’s easy to dismiss these reports, as Trump seems to disparage everybody. But the anti-Mnuchin drumbeats are getting louder, and on Wednesday CNN quoted an anonymous source close to the White House as saying “Mnuchin is under the gun.”

    Mnuchin no doubt fears Trump’s petulant outbursts and knows that the best way to avoid them is to say and do nothing. And Mnuchin also knows that he’ll be toast when the economy turns south, as Trump will surely make him a scapegoat for any recession. And even if the recent Wall Street downturn is temporary, Mnuchin will be in Trump’s crosshairs soon anyway, because as the IRS’s boss Mnuchin has the legal responsibility to give a copy of Trump’s tax returns to House investigators when they ask for them, as they surely will next year when they look into foreign influence in the Trump administration. And although Trump will no doubt tell Mnuchin to defy Congress over the tax returns, Mnuchin has already signalled that he’ll follow the law — and at that point Trump will be so angry with him that there’s a good chance he’ll fire him.

    Does the name Justin Muzinich ring a bell with you? If not, now might be a good time to find out more. Justin Muzinich was a key designer of Trump’s tax cuts for the rich, Trump nominated him in April to be Deputy Treasury Secretary after others declined the job, and the Senate finally confirmed him on December 11 so he will be a backstop if Mnuchin quits or is fired. However, Muzinich is a Bushie: he worked for Jeb Bush’s 2016 campaign and seems to be more of a tax-cut guy than a circle-the-wagons-for-Trump guy. So he quite possibly will run into Trump’s short fuse sooner even than Mnuchin did, and it’s not clear how well he’ll be able to run Treasury in the brief time that Trump will give him.

    In short, although Mnuchin’s vanishing act should prolong his stay in the short term, until Trump leaves the US Treasury will be on shaky ground due to an increasingly dysfunctional president and administration. This will not be good for American taxpayers or for the American people. Don’t say I didn’t warn you.
     
  10. 飞来客

    飞来客 本站元老 ID:64158 VIP

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    中国人在春秋战国时就知道『退避三舍』了,何况现在?安啦!该如何还是如何。
     
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    https://www.france24.com/en/20190109-no-agriculture-us-eu-trade-deal-official
    No agriculture in US-EU trade deal: official

    The EU stands firm in its refusal to include agriculture in a new trade deal with the United States, European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstroem said Wednesday.

    Malmstroem met in Washington with US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer to work out an agreement to resolve the trade dispute between the two economies.

    While American officials have said the European Union will increase imports of US crops, Malmstroem told reporters, "We have made that very clear that from our side we're not going to include agriculture, that has been made very clear from the beginning."

    However, she said, the EU more than doubled imports of American soy beans -- sales of which have plummeted due to a Chinese retaliation in its trade war with the United States.

    US President Donald Trump and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker agreed in July that neither side would impose any new tariffs on the other so long as talks continued.

    Washington has threatened to slap punishing tariffs on auto imports citing national security concerns, which worries German automakers, but Malmstroem said she continues to expect "the Americans will stick to the agreement," and exempt the EU from any new tariffs.

    The US Commerce Department is expected to issue a report in early February on the auto tariffs threat, but economists say would deal a serious blow to the global economy.

    EU officials are preparing negotiating mandates for a possible deal to eliminate tariffs on industrial goods traded with the United States, which Malmstroem said could include automobiles.

    Malmstroem said it "would be very good for both sides if we could get rid of tariffs on all industrial goods."

    Malmstroem and Lighthizer are meeting Wednesday with Japanese officials as the three sides work on reforms to global trading rules to address alleged unfair practices by China.

    In late 2017, Washington, Brussels and Tokyo announced they were making common cause against alleged market-distorting practices, a clear reference to China, which Washington has accused of stealing intellectual property and massive state intervention in markets.

    The three sides are developing proposed reforms to the World Trade Organization to address this.

    "We are worried about many of the Chinese practices because there are no real rules for that in the WTO and that's what we're trying to remedy," Malmstroem said Wednesday.
     
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    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/arti...said-to-roll-out-bill-to-expand-tariff-powers

    White House to Roll Out Bill to Expand Trump’s Tariff Powers, Sources Say

    President Donald Trump is expected to urge Congress in his State of the Union address this month to pass new legislation that would expand his powers to break down non-tariff barriers to American exports, according to people familiar with the plan.

    The bill, crafted by White House trade adviser Peter Navarro’s office along with the Trade Representative’s office and the Commerce Department, would seek to give the president broad authority to increase U.S. tariffs if he considers other countries’ tariff and non-tariff measures to be too restrictive, a person briefed on the legislation said.

    The White House has been working on the initiative, known as the U.S. Reciprocal Trade Act, with a few House Republicans, the person said.

    The proposal to give Trump more authority to raise duties without congressional approval comes after failed attempts by Republican senators to rein in his trade and tariff powers. The White House last year applied rarely used legal provisions to skirt Congress and slap tariffs on Chinese goods as well as steel and aluminum from most U.S. trading partners.



    It’s unclear whether the White House bill will succeed, one of the people said, adding that while some Democrats are ideologically in favor of cracking down on unfair trade practices, they are unlikely to give Trump additional executive power. Democrats won control of the House in November’s midterm elections.

    The legislation is part of the Trump administration’s strategy to further open foreign markets for American companies, many of whom have long complained that so-called non-tariff barriers abroad such as local customs and regulatory laws restrict their exports. Addressing non-tariff barriers is an important priority for the president, the people familiar with the legislation said.
     
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    https://www.channelnewsasia.com/new...r-higher-tariffs-if-china-talks-fail-11128104

    USTR promises exclusion process for higher tariffs if China talks fail


    U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer has assured lawmakers that companies will be able to request exclusions on tariffs on US$200 billion worth of goods under discussion with Beijing if talks do not yield a deal by the March 2 deadline.

    image: data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==

    浏览附件upload_2019-1-16_11-26-0.gif
    FILE PHOTO: U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer testifies before Senate Appropriations Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Subcommittee hearing in Washington
    16 Jan 2019 08:40AM
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    WASHINGTON: U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer has assured lawmakers that companies will be able to request exclusions on tariffs on US$200 billion worth of goods under discussion with Beijing if talks do not yield a deal by the March 2 deadline.

    Lighthizer told U.S. Senators he will extend a process of requesting exclusions that is currently only available on an earlier round of 25-percent tariffs on US$50 billion worth of goods. U.S. companies currently have no recourse to seek exemption on the latest round of 10-percent tariffs rolled out in September.


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    The United States has levied the tariffs since mid-2018 as a tit-for-tat trade battle between the two countries escalated.

    The Trump administration was scheduled to increase the most recent tariffs to 25 percent but delayed it until March 2 to allow for negotiations between Washington and Beijing to try to resolve their differences.

    If the talks don't yield a deal by the deadline, Washington is set to proceed with higher tariff rate, which many companies have warned could cause supply disruptions.

    "If the duty rate on the US$200 billion tariff actions is raised to 25 percent, USTR will initiate an appropriate exclusion process," Lighthizer said in a letter dated Jan. 11 to pro-trade Republican Senator Pat Toomey.


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    Toomey, of Pennsylvania, and Democratic Senator Doug Jones from Alabama have led an bipartisan group of senators to press the administration under President Donald Trump for exclusions from the tariffs.

    The tariffs are "increasing costs for U.S. consumers, workers, and businesses," the lawmakers said in a November letter to USTR.

    Escalating tensions between the United States and China have roiled global markets and cost billions of dollars for both.

    U.S. officials went to Beijing last week to discuss intellectual property theft and increased purchases of U.S. goods and services.


    Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa said on Tuesday that Lighthizer told him that he saw no progress on structural issues during those discussions.

    Higher-level talks are scheduled in Washington later this month.

    USTR is still addressing exclusion requests on the earlier round of tariffs after granting nearly 1,000 of the requests last month, Lighthizer said in the letter.

    (Reporting by David Lawder; Writing by Chris Prentice; Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)


    Read more at https://www.channelnewsasia.com/new...r-higher-tariffs-if-china-talks-fail-11128104
     
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    突发快讯!美媒:白宫主动取消刘鹤访美行程(图)

    CNBC今天报导,白宫已主动取消中国国务院副总理刘鹤月底原订的访美行程,原因是白宫认为,刘鹤若在智慧财产权保护上无法提出具体可行方案,就别访美了。

      英国“金融时报”最早报导白宫取消刘鹤访问的消息,而CNBC稍早引述知情人士的话表示,白宫负责贸易政策的相关官员认为,智慧财产权保护上,仍是美中贸易会谈不可或缺的核心议题,而如果中方代表、也就是刘鹤无法拿出具体可行的方案,美国建议中方就别来访问了。

      中国商务部新闻发言人高峰17日才公开证实,刘鹤将于1月30日至31日访问美国,与美方就两国经贸问题进行磋商。


      根据CNBC,白宫方面是美东时间约18日与19日期间就安排这次刘鹤会谈访问时,有了上述决定。

      截至发稿,包括贸易代表署及财政部都未证实或否认白宫决定取消刘鹤访美,然而,这对一向重视面子的中国官场文化来说,北京官方已公开证实的访问计画,却在成行前夕传出遭取消消息,也势必为接下来的美中贸易谈判带来影响。

      美国股市已率先反映对这一讯息的悲观看法,截至发稿,道琼工业指数及那斯达克指数双双走跌。

      然而,回看美国总统川普昨天的推文,他要中国“别闹了”,川普说,中国近来经济数据显示,经济成长速度创1990年以来最低,“对中国而言,最终达成‘真正协议’是很有意义的”,已透露美国对与中国谈判上采取的策略与立场。

      川普与中国国家主席习近平去年底于阿根廷会面后达成共识,川普同意,暂缓将中国2000亿美元商品课征10%关税升至25%,但期限只有90天,在3月1日前,若双方仍谈不拢,美国会恢复加征关税。

      美方始终认为,中国必须启动结构性改革,近来甚至传出美国要求能对中国的改革有定期审视的机制,然而,习近平去年底在“改革开放40周年”庆祝大会上声明,中国“该改的、能改的,我们坚决改,不该改的、不能改的坚决不改”,被视为是对美国要求的结构改革释出拒绝讯号。

      美国舆论分析,川普政府对北京会启动重大经济结构改革的期望越来越悲观,而川普已多次讲白,能和中国谈成协议是好事,但如果谈不成,就恢复征税。

      美国目前对中国500亿美元的商品课征25%关税,另外有2000亿美元的商品目前课征10%关税,原定1月1日起升至25%的关税,在90天谈判期间暂缓调升。
     

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