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本帖由 ccc2018-09-12 发布。版面名称:渥太华华人论坛

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    ccc 难得糊涂 ID:6614 管理成员 VIP

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    Washington (CNN) President Donald Trump signed an executive order on Wednesday meant to punish foreign entities for interfering in US elections, an attempt to demonstrate muscle on an issue he's been accused of downplaying.

    The order, which will allow new sanctions against Russian or other foreign actors, was inked on Wednesday morning. The White House hopes the order will help dispel the notion that Trump has allowed election meddling to go unchallenged.

    Both Republicans and Democrats criticized the move as insufficient, however.

    "Today's announcement by the administration recognizes the threat, but does not go far enough to address it. The United States can and must do more. Mandatory sanctions on anyone who attacks our electoral systems serve as the best deterrent," wrote Sens. Marco Rubio, R-Florida and Chris Van Hollen, D-Maryland. The two lawmakers have introduced a bill that would require such mandatory sanctions earlier this year.

    In the works for months, the order will allow the director of National Intelligence, with input from other intelligence agencies, to assess and identify foreign actors responsible for election meddling, and direct the Treasury Department to apply sanctions.

    The targets could include foreign individuals, companies or governments accused of attempting to breach election systems, or spreading disinformation in a bid to alter the vote.

    The entire process, from detection to imposing sanctions, could take up to 90 days -- including two 45-day assessment periods within the intelligence community and the broader administration. But the executive branch, including the President, will have the final say in whether sanctions will be applies.

    Part of the order includes declaring a "national emergency" that will allow sanctions to move forward.

    Most American intelligence agencies have determined Russia sought to influence the 2016 presidential contest in Trump's favor, and top officials have warned foreign actors continue to work toward affecting the outcomes of future US contests. That includes the November 6 midterm congressional elections.

    The order, however, will apply beyond just Russia to other foreign entities that are seeking to influence US elections.

    Trump was derided in July for not publicly confronting Russian President Vladimir Putin about the election interference during a summit in Helsinki. Instead, he seemed to accept Putin's denials that Moscow sought to influence the presidential contest.

    Lawmakers have accused the administration of shirking its responsibility to protect US elections and have been preparing measures to force Trump's hand. The executive order is partly an attempt to preempt those efforts.
    The administration has worked to appear tough on election meddling, despite Trump's wavering.

    Trump's national security adviser John Bolton denied that harsh reaction to Trump's Helsinki meeting with Putin was partly what spurred the decision to sign the new order.

    "Zero," he said when asked what role the backlash played. "The President has said repeatedly he is determined there not be foreign interference (in US elections)."

    "I think his actions speak for themselves," Bolton said.
     
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    ccc 难得糊涂 ID:6614 管理成员 VIP

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    特朗普签署行政令授权制裁干涉美国选举的行为
    2018-09-13 06:46:56 来源: 新华网

      新华社华盛顿9月12日电(记者朱东阳 刘晨)美国总统特朗普12日签署行政令,授权对任何外国政府、实体和个人干涉美国选举的行为实施制裁。

      根据这份行政令,在一场美国选举结束后的45天内,美国国家情报总监应对是否有外国政府或个人干预这场选举进行评估,并将相关信息报告给司法部长和国土安全部长。司法部长和国土安全部长将在随后45天内评估干预行为造成的影响,并就美方回应措施提出建议。此后,美国国务院和财政部将在此基础上决定具体制裁措施。

      当天早些时候,美国国家情报总监丹·科茨在电话吹风会上对媒体表示,即将到来的美国中期选举和2020年美国总统选举是关注焦点,这份行政令将针对任何授权、指导、赞助或支持干涉美国选举的行为。

      美国总统国家安全事务助理博尔顿说,制裁措施可能包括冻结相关个人或实体在美资产、禁止美国公民与其交易以及限制其使用美国金融机构等。他说,这一行政令并不针对特定国家。

      美国情报机构2017年初公布一份报告,认定俄罗斯干预了2016年美国总统选举。俄罗斯多次否认干涉美国选举。

      美国中期选举将于11月举行,国会众议院全部435个议席和参议院100个议席中的约三分之一面临改选
     

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