我们不应该专注于这些神学观念是那个神学家的提出来的。我们应该专注于了解这些神学观念是否符合神借着圣经赐给我们的启示。 （躲个懒，这里有网上收集的现成的相关经文 https://www.fivesolas.com/tulipscriptures.htm#unconditional） Calvin emphasized the role God plays in the process of salvation. He theorized that believers were predestined to salvation. This means that before God had even created the world, he chose which people would be beneficiaries of his gift of salvation. Calvin affirmed a strict understanding of God's sovereignty. He believed that God was in complete control over humanity's actions and that nothing happens unless God wills it. The five foundational tenets of Calvinism are often referred to as 'points.' Let's take a look at each point of the acronym T.U.L.I.P. Total depravity: This is the belief that all human beings are sinful and are born with an inherent sin-nature. Every human is completely sinful from the moment of birth. Unconditional election: This is the belief that God predestined individuals for salvation, and that individuals cannot choose God without God enabling them to do so. Limited atonement: This is the belief that God sent Jesus Christ to die for the sins of his chosen saints only, and not for the sins of those who are unbelievers. Irresistible grace: This is the belief that God's chosen elect cannot resist God's grace in their lives. Perseverance of the saints: This is the belief that once an individual is saved, he or she can never lose his or her salvation because he or she is eternally bound to Christ.