The Waco siege, also known as the Waco massacre, was the law enforcement siege of the compound that belonged to the religious sect Branch Davidians. It was carried out by the U.S. federal government, Texas state law enforcement, and the U.S. military, between February 28 and April 19, 1993. The Branch Davidians were led by David Koresh and were headquartered at Mount Carmel Center ranch in the community of Axtell, Texas, 13 miles (21 kilometers) northeast of Waco. Suspecting the group of stockpiling illegal weapons, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) obtained a search warrant for the compound and arrest warrants for Koresh, as well as a select few of the group's members.
The incident began when the ATF attempted to serve a search and arrest warrant on the ranch. An intense gunfight erupted, resulting in the deaths of four government agents and six Branch Davidians. Upon the ATF's entering of the property and failure to execute the search warrant, a siege lasting 51 days was initiated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Eventually, the FBI launched an assault and initiated a tear gas attack in an attempt to force the Branch Davidians out of the ranch. Shortly thereafter, the Mount Carmel Center quickly became engulfed in flames. The fire resulted in the deaths of 76 Branch Davidians, including 25 children, two pregnant women, and David Koresh himself.
The events of the siege and attack are disputed by various sources. A particular controversy ensued over the origin of the fire; an internal Justice Department investigation concluded in 2000 that incendiary tear gas canisters were used by the FBI, but maintained that sect members had started the fire. This came after a panel of arson investigators concluded that the Davidians were responsible for igniting it simultaneously in at least three different areas of the compound. The events that took place 13 miles from Waco, and the law enforcement siege at Ruby Ridge less than 12 months earlier, have been cited by commentators as catalysts for the Oklahoma City bombing by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols.
韦科围攻行动，也称为韦科大屠杀，   是对属于教派戴维德教派的大院的执法围困。它是由美国联邦政府，德克萨斯州执法部门和美国军方于1993年2月28日至4月19日进行的。分支大卫人由大卫·科雷什（David Koresh）领导，总部设在德克萨斯州韦克东北13英里（21公里）  德克萨斯州阿克斯泰尔社区的卡梅尔中心牧场。酒精，烟草和火器管理局（ATF）怀疑这批库存的非法武器，获得了对该化合物的搜查令和对Koresh的逮捕令，以及该集团的部分成员。 事件始于ATF试图在牧场上提供搜查和逮捕令。激烈的枪战爆发，导致四名政府特工和六名戴维森分部丧生。在ATF进入该物业并未能执行搜查令后，联邦调查局（FBI）发起了长达51天的围困行动。最终，联邦调查局发动了一次攻击并发起催泪瓦斯攻击，试图将分支大卫戴维森人赶出牧场。此后不久，卡梅尔山中心迅速被火焰吞没。这场大火导致76名大卫科人死亡，包括25名儿童，两名孕妇和大卫·科雷什本人。  围困和袭击事件由各种来源引起争议。随后引发了一场关于火源的特殊争论；司法部内部调查于2000年得出结论，联邦调查局使用了燃烧性催泪瓦斯罐，但坚持认为该教派成员已起火。在此之前，一组纵火调查人员得出结论，大卫大帝族人负责在该化合物的至少三个不同区域同时点燃它。提摩西·麦克维（Timothy McVeigh）和特里·尼科尔斯（Terry Nichols）认为，距韦科（Waco）13英里的事件以及不到12个月前在红宝石岭（Ruby Ridge）的执法围困行动，是俄克拉荷马城爆炸案的催化剂。