本帖由 ccc 于 2019-08-05 发布。版面名称：华人论坛
Several protesters have been arrested while trying to run from a Hong Kong university campus surrounded by police.
Around 100 people tried to leave the Polytechnic University, but were met with tear gas and rubber bullets.
In the past week, the campus has turned into a battleground as long-running anti-government protests become more violent.
A small number managed to successfully leave the campus using rope ladders before being picked up by motorcycles.
Hong Kong's Hospital Authority says 116 people have been injured and taken to hospital.
The violence is some of the worst seen during months of unrest in the semi-autonomous Chinese territory. The protests started over a controversial extradition bill, and have now evolved into broader anti-government demonstrations.
China has warned that "no-one should underestimate [its] will to safeguard its sovereignty and Hong Kong's stability", and its ambassador to the UK said the central government would not sit back and watch if the situation became "uncontrollable".
Hong Kong is a part of China, and the protests are, in part, about the fear that the special freedoms the territory enjoys as a former British colony are being eroded.
Earlier, Hong Kong's High Court ruled that a ban on protesters wearing face masks was unconstitutional. The colonial-era emergency law was invoked in October, but protesters largely defied it.
Hong Kong's government said the weekend's events had "reduced the chance" of district elections being held on Sunday as planned, public broadcaster RTHK reports. Postponing or cancelling the vote could further inflame the protests.
The UK has urged an "end to the violence and for all sides to engage in meaningful political dialogue" ahead of the elections.
What is happening?
Police are still besieging the university where several hundred protesters are thought to be trapped. Officers have ordered those inside to drop their weapons and surrender.
A protester inside the university told the BBC supplies, including first aid equipment, were running low.
Meanwhile, a fire broke out on campus and loud explosions were heard, according to the South China Morning Post.
PolyU has been occupied by protesters for several days. On Sunday night, police warned protesters they had until 22:00 (14:00 GMT) to leave the campus, saying they could use live ammunition if the attacks continued.
On Sunday, the university said it had been "severely and extensively vandalised".
A number of protesters left inside in the university have identified themselves as current students in media interviews but it is unclear exactly how many of them are, in fact, university students.
Tears and pride
By Grace Tsoi, BBC News, Hong Kong
Worried parents whose children were trapped inside the Polytechnic University were among the 200 protesters who joined a peaceful rally on Monday night in eastern Tsim Sha Tsui, a tourist area which is only 300 metres away from the besieged campus.
Ms Ng - who only wanted to be identified by her last name - found out on Sunday night her son was among those trapped inside. "He's frightened because he has not faced any emergency situation on his own. She has been on the streets near the university since then.
The teary-eyed mother is proud of her 18-year-old son despite the circumstances. "My son didn't cry. He's strong and likes to help others," she said. "I told my son that you did nothing wrong and you are an outstanding kid. I wouldn't blame you."
She told him to stay inside the campus and wait for her to pick him up. Ms Ng said the government should bear the responsibility for the chaos in Hong Kong.
"Our government is more and more reckless. It ignores the very lowly demands from the citizens!" she said. "I wasn't born in Hong Kong but I love Hong Kong so much! Hong Kong is a wonderful place but it has turned into such a state. It breaks my heart!"
How did we get here?
Campuses remained relatively free of violence during the Hong Kong protests but, last week, the Chinese University of Hong Kong became a battleground.
Police say protesters threw petrol bombs on a major road near the university in an effort to stop traffic. Officers attempted to reclaim the road, leading to major clashes.
A protester arrested while trying to leave the campus
The university then cancelled all classes for the rest of the term. Days later, protesters at PolyU also tried to block access to a key tunnel near the university.
Protests have also been held at other locations in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong police have fought running battles with protesters trying to break a security cordon around a university in the city, firing teargas both at activists trying to escape the besieged campus and at crowds trying to reach it from outside.
Police have said the demonstrators inside Polytechnic University had no option but to come out and surrender.
The sprawling campus has been occupied by demonstrators since last week, and has become the focus of the most prolonged and tense confrontation between police and protesters in more than five months of unrest in the semi-autonomous city.
Hundreds of protesters, including secondary school students, have been trapped inside for more than 24 hours, after clashes on Sunday during which protesters launched petrol bombs and shot arrows at police, who threatened to use live rounds.
Police said they had allowed Red Cross volunteers into the university to ferry out injured protesters but said the rest had no option but to give themselves up. “Other than coming out to surrender, I don’t see, at the moment, there is a viable option for them,” Cheuk Hau-yip, regional commander of Kowloon West district, told a press conference, adding that police had the ability and resolve to end the standoff peacefully so protesters should not try their luck.
Parents of some of the activists trapped inside the university gathered in front of police cordons on Monday night with signs that read “Save Our Kids”, while hundreds of other supporters poured into the streets around the campus to try to break the police blockade. Police used teargas and water cannon to keep them at bay.
When a group of protesters tried to escape from the campus, police fired teargas and rubber bullets at exits, preventing them from leaving. When another group attempted to flee later on, hiding under umbrellas and shields made from scraps, officers fired further rounds of teargas and deployed a water cannon, engulfing the area in smoke. Several protesters were arrested.
The game of cat and mouse followed a night of mayhem in the Chinese-ruled city in which roads were blocked, a bridge was set on fire and a police officer was shot by a bow and arrow.
Some protesters abseiled off a footbridge to a road below, where they were met by motorbike riders helping them flee. It was unclear whether they got away safely.
People have been hiding in buildings throughout the campus, said Seze Li, a 26-year-old protester from inside the university. “It’s a disaster. Everyone is running around, looking for exits. We heard the protesters [trying to break the siege] are coming. We are just waiting for them,” she said. Some people have escaped by climbing out of the building, she said, “but not everyone can do that”.
Democratic lawmaker Hui Chi-fung told Reuters: “The police might not storm the campus but it seems like they are trying to catch people as they attempt to run. It’s not optimistic now. They might all be arrested on campus. Lawmakers and school management are trying to liaise with the police but failed.”
Hong Kong’s chief executive, Carrie Lam, posted a statement on her Facebook page about the crisis, her first remarks about it since it began almost 36 hours ago. Lam criticised the protesters for shooting arrows at police, as well as throwing bricks and petrol bombs. “Police have many times made appeals. Those inside the campus should listen to police without delay,” she said.
Earlier, the university’s president, Jin-Guang Teng, had urged protesters to leave, saying the police had agreed to a ceasefire on the condition that protesters stopped their attacks but police then fired on demonstrators who tried to leave.
A screengrab from Google Maps showing road closures around Hong Kong’s Polytechnic University on Monday. Photograph: Google Maps
By mid-afternoon local time, about 300 to 400 people were left in the university, according to Tang Siu Wa, 41, a volunteer on the campus. Asked what they planned to do, she said: “They are 20-year-old kids. They don’t have plans. Everyone is nervous.”
Tang said the group was exhausted and faced dwindling supplies. Some peaceful protesters wanted to leave and others wanted to stay, she added. “People are getting tired but they don’t want to surrender.”
Journalists have not been allowed near the university.
她說她本來是相信香港警察的，但有很多傳聞警察沒有好好澄清，消除大家的懷疑，結果只會帶動很多的情緒和質疑。例如831晚太子站警察亂打人的行為（傳聞有三人被打死），也蠻傷害我對他們的信任，但那時候我的理解是 就是警察的情緒失控了。我還是抱着“警察的體制是一個健康的狀態”去理解其中一部分人的失控，雖然對信任的傷害非常大。但是到後面這個浮屍（女泳手全身赤裸），就是另外一個問題了 他們是不是都在說假話呢？從上到下都是假的話，就會很可怕了。這個對香港的法治是一個很大的傷害。她說：“我很失望，因為警察沒有很好地去澄清這件事，而是相對草率地結案了。”
More than five months on, Hong Kong is still in the grips of a political crisis.
Protests began in early June when the local government attempted to amend its extradition laws, which would have allowed criminal suspects to be extradited to mainland China. The proposed legislation was largely criticized as a pro-Beijing move indicative of the Chinese government’s growing influence over Hong Kong and a risk to the region’s independence.
While the demonstrations started peacefully, resistance quickly escalated, even after the bill was withdrawn. The protests now centre on demands for broader democratic reforms and an independent investigation into police treatment of protesters.
While there have been ebbs and flows in the size of the demonstrations, the movement hasn’t simmered down.
Violence has grown, both among police seeking to control the situation and protesters unhappy with the use of force. Protesters have endured tear gas, rubber bullets and possible gang-related attacks and are now grappling with the death of a student who fell off a parking garage during a clash with police.
The demonstrations have taken over the city’s financial district, key airport, major roadways and subway system. Now, it’s turned to university campuses.
Protesters have staged a week-long standoff, occupying several campuses in Hong Kong.
Polytechnic University in Kowloon has become the main battleground.
Protesters clash with police outside Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Thomas Peter)
A protester hides behind a shield during clashes with police outside Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Adnan Abidi)
Members of the media run away from fire caused by Molotov cocktails during clashes between protesters and police outside Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha)
Protesters have hunkered down at the university and fortified the campus to keep police from getting in. In the process, they have blocked one of the city’s major arteries.
The standoff took a new turn on Monday when Hong Kong police moved in. They used tear gas, water cannons and armoured vehicles against protesters barricaded in at the university.
Black-clad protesters responded with petrol bombs and bricks.
It’s considered the most intense violence and destruction the anti-government demonstrations have seen in some time.
A protester takes cover under an umbrella during clashes with police outside Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Adnan Abidi)
Anti-government protesters throw Molotov cocktails towards police vehicles during clashes, outside Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) in Hong Kong, China, on Nov. 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)
A police vehicle is hit by a Molotov cocktail as anti-government protesters clash with police, outside Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) in Hong Kong, China, on Nov. 17, 2019. (REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha)
Protesters who have tried to flee the campus and break police lines have been met with rubber bullets and walls of tear gas.
Police have threatened the use of live rounds.
Since the protests began in June, police say 4,491 people, aged from 11 to 83, have been arrested. Police arrested 154 people over the weekend.
In a last-ditch attempt to avoid arrest and stop riot police from encroaching on the campus, protesters set fire to the entrance of the university.
A fire set by protesters burns at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University campus in Hong Kong, Monday, Nov. 18, 2019. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
Protesters attempt to leave the campus of Hong Kong Polytechnic University during clashes with police in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 18, 2019. (REUTERS/Thomas Peter)
A protester attempts to extinguish a fire at the campus of Hong Kong Polytechnic University during clashes with police in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 18, 2019. (REUTERS/Thomas Peter)
China’s government has defended efforts by Hong Kong police, saying the protests are “no longer a simple, peaceful demonstration” and that they have “affected social order.”
Police are calling on protesters still barricaded inside to surrender and face justice.
Police detain protesters who attempt to leave the campus of Hong Kong Polytechnic University during clashes with police in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 18, 2019. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)
A riot police officer points a gun at protesters attempting to escape the campus of Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) during clashes with police in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 18, 2019. (REUTERS/Thomas Peter)
Riot police are seen as protesters attempt to leave the campus of Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) during clashes with police in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 18, 2019. (REUTERS/Tyrone Siu)
Anti-government demonstrators stand amid tear gas during clashes with police near the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) in Hong Kong, China on Nov. 18, 2019. (REUTERS/Adnan Abidi)
Protesters take cover with umbrellas from tear gas canisters in the Kowloon area of Hong Kong, Monday, Nov. 18, 2019. (AP Photo/Vincent Yu)
— With files from the Associated Press and Reuters