紫苏 - 最好的保健菜 | 全身都是宝 | 不用育苗越长越多的蔬菜

hyh131

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紫苏叶、梗、籽都可以药食两用,所以紫苏全身都是宝。最重要的是它特别容易种,几乎不用打理。

紫苏叶和紫苏梗这两宝来说,其营养成分组成(指100克可食部食品中的含量)分别为:紫苏叶,粗蛋白27.8克、粗脂肪7.6克、粗纤维34.2克、β-胡萝卜素5.7毫克、维生素C 3.6毫克、钙2150毫克、铁3.9毫克等;紫苏梗,粗蛋白15.3克、粗脂肪4.7克、粗纤维56.3克、β-胡萝卜素1.54毫克、维生素C 1.25毫克、钙910毫克、铁8.6毫克等。

紫苏籽中富含油脂,含油率为40%~50%, 与油菜籽相当。紫苏籽可以通过压榨法得到紫苏籽油。紫苏籽油富含α-亚麻酸,含量达55%~65%,远高于其它几种主要食用油(花生油0.74%、菜籽油7.21%),无害、无鱼油的臭味, 双键相应较少, 稳定性强于鱼油且胆固醇低,长期食用可预防心血管疾病的发生,有益于身体健康,是高血压患者的推荐食用保健油。

 

mianfei

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还保健呢,紫苏是有毒植物,特别是对于紫苏毒素比较敏感的偶蹄目动物如牛羊等是剧毒,可以轻易杀死这些动物。
人虽说对于该毒素不敏感,但长期或者大量食用的话也是会中毒的。
至于中毒症状,首先就是肺积水,X光大白片,与新冠病毒一个效果。
中医保健害死人。
 

easyeasy

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啊哈,到底能不能吃?
 

himretmrs

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有科学依据没? 盼望解惑哦
 

mianfei

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Adverse effects
Contact dermatitis may occur in people handling the leaves or oil.[5] Consumption of large amounts of seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis.[5]

对于家畜,毒性是致命的。
Aromatic, furan ketones are present in all parts of the plant, but especially the flower and seed heads, and are readily absorbed from the digestive tract. Either directly or after bioactivation, the ketones are severly toxic to the type I pneumocytes in the lungs. This results in a proliferation of type II pneumocytes which rapidly fill the lungs and cause acute interstitial pneumonia that is frequently fatal.

是农场主的噩梦
Perilla Mint is known by many names -- beefsteak plant, Chinese basil, rattlesnake weed, purple mint -- but by any name, it kills goats and other ruminants and horses that eat it.
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton, a member of the Lamiasceae (mint) family, is appearing in pastures across Tennessee, Mississippi, Indiana, and other states. Originally from Asia, it is considered an invasive species in the USA. Perilla Mint causes respiratory distress syndrome (panting disease). The plant contains ketones that cause lung inflammation and impair the exchange of gases involving in breathing. The flowers are the most dangerous, but the entire plant is toxic, even when baled into hay. The greatest risk comes when the goat consumes the live plant.
 

mianfei

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权威期刊
Perilla ketone: a potent lung toxin from the mint plant, Perilla frutescens Britton

  1. BJ Wilson,
  2. JE Garst,
  3. RD Linnabary,
  4. RB Channell

See all authors and affiliations


Science 05 Aug 1977:
Vol. 197, Issue 4303, pp. 573-574
DOI: 10.1126/science.877573


Abstract
Perilla ketone, from the essential oil of Perilla frutescens, is a potent pulmonary edemagenic agent for laboratory animals and livestock. This finding would account for reported effects of the plant on grazing cattle. The use of perilla in oriental foods and medicinal preparations suggests possible hazards to human health as well.
 

知更鸟

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院子里紫苏到处疯长,原来还觉得自己懒,这么好的食材不吃浪费了,现在很庆幸。
不过少吃一些是觉得胃舒服
 
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